Madagascar has over 14,000 plant species with 80% being endemic, so only found here. Almost all of the palms found here are nowhere else, as are six of the worlds eight baobabs. 80% of the world’s Pachypodium (elephants foot) species are endemic too. Over 80% of the 900 types of orchid are also here – are you getting the idea that Madagascar is a great place to see new things yet?!

It’s partly because of the range of climates that you can see so many species of flora – from the dry, deserts to the plush rainforests, from the deciduous forests to the grasslands – and with 80 million years of isolation then it’s a botanists paradise. Let us recruit the local experts in the flora you are interested in and make your dreams come true. The whole country is covered in rare species from palmsferns and bamboo to orchids, Pachypodium and baobabs.

You might also come to see whole families of endemic plants (Asteropeiaceae,Sarcolaenaceae,Sphaerosepalaceae, Didiereaceae) or some of the others:

  • Adansonia Fony (Baobab)
  • Commiphora (Vasa Peeling Tree)
  • Moringa (Baobab like)
  • Pachypodium Lamirai (Dwarf Boabab = Elephants Foot)
  • Bismarkin Nobilis (Palm)
  • Madagascar African Daisy
  • Madagascar Early Jessamine
  • Madagascar Princess Flower
  • Madagascar Early Jessamine
  • Madagascar Princess Flower
  • Pōhutukawa Macro
  • Madagascar dark-red Bougainvillea
  • Madagascar Pink Trumpet Vine
  • Madagascar ribbon plant
  • Madagascar Star tickseed
  • Madagascar red clocks-like flower
  • Catharanthus roseus
  • Madagascar Pink Anthurium
  • Madagascar Hibiscus macro
  • Madagascar Yellow Flowers
  • Madagascar Purple Flower

Some of the latin names of the many plants, trees and flowers you might see include:

  • Abelmoschus ficulneus
  • Adansonia digitata
  • Adansonia za
  • Aerangis citrata
  • Aeranthes
  • Alluaudia procera
  • Aloe helenae
  • Ancylobothrys petersiana
  • Aponogeton bernerianum
  • Aponogeton madagascariensis
  • Asteropeia amblyocarpa
  • Asteropeia matrambody
  • Asteropeia multiflora
  • Barbeuia
  • Beccariophoenix
  • Biophytum umbraculum
  • Borassus madagascariensis
  • Bryophyllum fedtschenkoi
  • Buddleja acuminata
  • Buddleja fragifera
  • Buddleja madagascariensis
  • Calophyllum chapelieri
  • Carphalea
  • Catharanthus roseus
  • Ceropegia striata
  • Cladogelonium
  • Commelina mascarenica
  • Crinum asiaticum
  • Cynanchum macrolobum
  • Cyperus laevigatus
  • Cyperus squarrosus
  • Dalbergia baronii
  • Dalbergia brachystachya
  • Dalbergia catipenonii
  • Dalbergia davidii
  • Dalbergia erubescens
  • Dalbergia greveana
  • Dalbergia humbertii
  • Dalbergia louvelii
  • Dalbergia monticola
  • Dalbergia orientalis
  • Dalbergia pseudobaronii
  • Dalbergia tricolor
  • Dalbergia urschii
  • Delonix boiviniana
  • Delonix floribunda
  • Delonix tomentosa
  • Dicraeopetalum capuronianum
  • Didiereaceae
  • Dilobeia tenuinervis
  • Dioscorea sansibarensis
  • Dypsis ambositrae
  • Dypsis antanambensis
  • Dypsis bejofo
  • Dypsis canaliculata
  • Dypsis ceracea
  • Dypsis coursii
  • Dypsis decipiens
  • Dypsis fasciculata
  • Dypsis humilis
  • Dypsis interrupta
  • Dypsis madagascariensis
  • Dypsis mangorensis
  • Dypsis nossibensis
  • Dypsis oropedionis
  • Dypsis perrieri
  • Dypsis procera
  • Dypsis sahanofensis
  • Dypsis serpentina
  • Dypsis tsaravotsira
  • Ehretia cymosa
  • Eragrostis amabilis
  • Erythrina hazomboay
  • Eugenia petrikensis
  • Euphorbia alfredii
  • Euphorbia ambovombensis
  • Euphorbia ankarensis
  • Euphorbia aprica
  • Euphorbia banae
  • Euphorbia benoistii
  • Euphorbia boissieri
  • Euphorbia bongolavensis
  • Euphorbia capmanambatoensis
  • Euphorbia caput-aureum
  • Euphorbia croizatii
  • Euphorbia decorsei
  • Euphorbia denisii
  • Euphorbia elliotii
  • Euphorbia erythroxyloides
  • Euphorbia fiherenensis
  • Euphorbia gottlebei
  • Euphorbia hedyotoides
  • Euphorbia hildebrandtii
  • Euphorbia humbertii
  • Euphorbia intisy
  • Euphorbia kondoi
  • Euphorbia mahabobokensis
  • Euphorbia mainty
  • Euphorbia mangelsdorffii
  • Euphorbia martinae
  • Euphorbia moratii
  • Euphorbia orthoclada
  • Euphorbia parvicyathophora
  • Euphorbia pellegrini
  • Euphorbia plagiantha
  • Euphorbia quartziticola
  • Euphorbia rangovalensis
  • Euphorbia razafinjohanyi
  • Euphorbia rossii
  • Euphorbia stenoclada
  • Euphorbia tetraptera
  • Euphorbia tulearensis
  • Euphorbia zakamenae
  • Gyrocarpus americanus
  • Heliotropium foertherianum
  • Hypoestes phyllostachya
  • Kalanchoe adelae
  • Kalanchoe bouvetii
  • Kalanchoe tomentosa
  • Lemurophoenix
  • Leptolaena cuspidata
  • Leptolaena masoalensis
  • Leptolaena raymondii
  • Madagascar spiny forests
  • Marojejya darianii
  • Masoala madagascariensis
  • Melanophylla alnifolia
  • Melanophylla crenata
  • Melanophylla perrieri
  • Millettia capuronii
  • Millettia orientalis
  • Mimulopsis
  • Neoharmsia baronii
  • Noronhia
  • Oeceoclades alismatophylla
  • Orania ravaka
  • Ormocarpopsis calcicola
  • Ormocarpopsis parvifolia
  • Pachypodium
  • Pachypodium bicolor
  • Pachypodium gracilius
  • Pachypodium rosulatum
  • Pentachlaena
  • Physena
  • Plectranthus amboinicus
  • Pongamiopsis viguieri
  • Rauvolfia media
  • Ravenea glauca
  • Ravenea lakatra
  • Ravenea madagascariensis
  • Ravenea rivularis
  • Ravenea xerophila
  • Saba comorensis
  • Sarcolaena codonochlamys
  • Sarcolaena grandiflora
  • Sarcolaena multiflora
  • Satranala
  • Secamone schatzii
  • Senecio cedrorum
  • Solanum pyracanthon
  • Stephanotis floribunda
  • Tabernaemontana coffeoides
  • Tamarind
  • Typhonodorum
  • Utricularia bisquamata
  • Utricularia firmula
  • Utricularia livida
  • Utricularia scandens
  • Vangueria infausta
  • Voanioala
  • Xylocarpus granatum
  • Zostera capensis